History of Longerath and Smalik

A publication of the Alvare Institute

THE CULTURAL EXPANSION
OF LILIANA
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   The Liliani Empire, the greatest that Longerath or Smalik has known, had great impact upon the rest of the continent and, indirectly, the world. This was all accomplished by military means, and the Liliani Empire was certainly a military state, but it also boasted one of the most advanced cultures of its time. It spread this culture across the continent.

   The Liliani language is probably the most significant of the things that was spread by the growth of their empire. Almost without exception, every region once conquered by the Lilianis uses the script developed by the Lilianis, albeit modified somewhat to fit language changes and with the creation of the lower-case letters. The Liliani language istself is well-spread out across its former empire, although it is now broken into many languages as the empire fell apart and the various regions moved along their own paths. Some Liliance languages remain quite similar to ancient Liliani, while some have diverged significantly, often under influence from other languages. While Liliani itself is no longer spoken, it is frequently found in things official. Many mottos used by old institutions are in Liliani, and the use of the language is associated with tradition, dignity, and gravitas.
   Many great works of literature come from the Liliani Empire also. One of Vexillium's greatest writers was Averilius, who wrote the famous epic chronicling the arrival of Asculius, the mythical founder of Micholerdia (and thus of the dynasty that established Liliana) in the region where Liliana was to be based. This is today translated into many languages and there have been numerous attempts to dramatize it. Many other examples of Liliani literature survive for us to read today.
   Along with the language and literature came Liliani law, which was highly developed and codified. The Liliani justice system was highly advanced, and is the basis for many modern systems. If accused of a crime, a citizen would appear in a court of law called a basilica, presided over by a judge called a praetor (not the same meaning as is usually given the same word today). There, both the accused and the accuser would state their case, either personally or through a lawyer (advocatus). The jury would then decide whether the law had been broken, and the praetor would determine what, if any, punishment should be delivered. All this is the basis for modern courts.
 
 

   Another thing that the Lilianis took with them was their architecture and their skill at construction. The Lilianis were excellent engineers, and were renowned for their well-designed, well-built, and aesthetically pleasing temples, courthouses, baths, and palaces. The image above is of the grand temple to the twelve most important gods of the Liliani religion, and still stands today. The Liliani Empire made extensive usage of arches, and developed a number of variations of them. They also constructed the largest domes of the ancient world, things that are taken for granted today but were unknown to most of the ancient world. Liliani construction was also superb, as evidenced by the number of building that remain standing and usable today. The Lilianis learned how to make an excellent concrete using a volcanic ash, making the concrete as strong if not stronger than modern concrete, and used it extensively in their building. Many of the buildings that people assume are stone are in fact concrete. The Liliani public works sector was immence, and many thousands of roads and bridges were built around the empire. The roading network of the Liliani Empire was excellent, with well-constructed and well-maintained roads leading to all parts of the Empire and providing rapid communication and transportation.

   The Liliani Empire was also instumental in the spreading of the Cruisian religion across the continent. Once Cruisianity had established itself within Liliana, even if it had not taken complete control, it spread rapidly throughout the Liliani world. It was particularly popular amongst the poor, and amongst slaves, and it was also adopted readily by those non-Liliani peoples under Liliani control. It did not, however, gain much ground amongst the wealthier classes of Liliana, including the aristocracy. The fact that the Liliani Empire had managed to subdue such a lage area and had managed to introduce many elements of Liliani civilization made it far easier for missionaries to spread the word of Cruis. While some areas were converted wholeheartedly, some did not. Notable examples include Lendia, which had only a small Cruisian population, and Bodania, which was not a part of Liliana for as long as most regions. The Lendian Cruisians had mostly arrived during the Kingdom of Lendosa period, attempting to convert one of the largest civilized states in the area outside of Liliana, but met with little success. Interestingly enough, they encountered more willing peoples in modern Caboteniasa, which was frequently visited by missionaries from the main church in Gloria Libertatis. The other island of Lendosa, Piolhosa, had even fewer Cruisians, and these few either left or abandoned their faith as the Lendosan state fragmented. Piolhosa was to remain pagan for quite some time before being converted. Despite these failures, however, the impact of this conversion was great.
   The Liliani religion itself, curiously, did not spread overly much. The Lilianis made little real attempt to enforce their religion upon those they conquered, with their religion not orientated on spreading the word. From the Liliani point of view, their religion was the only correct one, but if other people chose not to accept it, it wasn't Liliana's problem.

   Also spread by the Liliani Empire was an awareness of science and learning. Above is pictured the great Liliani cartographer Atolinus, in a picture found not in Liliana proper but in Budania, indicating the spread of Liliani knowledge. Liliani science was quite advanced, although a lot of its early knowledge was not in fact developed by Liliana but by Peganhosa, a nation which Liliana conquered in early times. Nonetheless, Liliana preserved this knowledge, and eventually began to add to it. They were among the finest cartographers of the ancient world, and excelled at surveying and geographical measurement. They also catalogued the movement of stars, adding to Peganhosan knowledge. They also furthered the arts of mathematics and geometry.
   The Lilianis were also skilled at medicine, more so than any other peoples around at the time. They gained their appreciation of medicine from the Peganhosans, but quickly increased their knowledge. Most medicines were herbal in nature, with many different remedies available. Some were mere superstition, but for the most part, they worked. The Lilianis also practised surgury to the best extent they could, and studied the human anatomy. Their military hospitals were particularly efficient. They also developed the notion of a medical profession and public health service. Medical schools were being built in the Liliani capital in the early stages of the empire, and in the later half of the empire, a sort public health service was established in which doctors would be given cheep rent for a good house in areas underserved by doctors, and then exempted from tax if they treated for free those who were too poor to pay.