The Emperors of the Liliani Empire can roughly be categorized into groupings called dynasties. Each dynasty is somewhat vague, and the criteria for establishing when a new dynasty begins often contradict, but nevertheless the dynasties are universally accepted and are often used when refering to particular time periods, especially in terms of art and architecture.
A publication of the Alvare Institute
DYNASTIES OF LILIANA
What follows below is a listing of all the Emperors, grouped by dynasty, with any relevant comments about their reign. It should be noted that each emperor and dynasty has a name in ancient Liliani and a name derived from the old one in modern Estontetsan. It is purely optional which one is used. In Lendosa, and thus the Alvare Institute, the prefered one has always been the ancient Liliani one, but outside Lendosa, the Estontetsan name is regularly used. Therefore, both will be listed here. The ancient Liliani name is the first given, while the Estontetsan name is the one in parentheses.
Note that the dates given are for the reign of the emperor, not the lifetime.
LAVASCAS (LAVASCOS) DYNASTY
2000 BP - 1978 BP
Aratacius I (Arro-Take I) 2000 BP Founder of the Liliani Empire.
Died the same year.
Jamius I (Jame I) 1999 BP - 1988 BP Died of illness. Tomalimus I (To Malaim I) 1987 BP - 1984 BP Killed in battle against Peganhosa. Savastius I (Safastiu I) 1983 BP - 1981 BP Assassinated by Burburreican rebel assassin. Aratacius II (Arro-Take II) 1980 BP - 1979 BP Assassinated by republican extremists. Aratacius III (Arro-Take III) 1979 BP Emperor for three days following his father's death.
Was then murdered himself.
Icapivus I (Ika Pive I) 1979 BP Second child of Aratacius II.
Emperor for three minutes after brother's death.
Jamius II (Jame II) 1978 BP Murdered by Tocapedrius, his general.
As can be seen, the attrition rate for the Lavascas dynasty was quite high, with the average reign lasting around two and a half years. Some survived longer, while some reigned for an incredibly short time.
An image of Aratacius. Whether it is genuine or simply an artist's guess is unknown.
The first Emperor of Liliana was Aratacius I, formerly Aratacius IV of Micholerdia. He established his new nation in the first half of 2000 BP, and reigned for six months before his death. He was first and foremost a military man. While he was a competent enough administrator to keep his state functioning, this was treated as nothing more than a necessity in order to keep his main goal, military conquest, feasible and simple.
He was succeeded by his son, Jamius I, who ruled for ten years (the longest reign of any Lavascas monarch). He was primarily responsible for the consolidation of Aratacius's empire; it would have been quite easy for the whole structure to collapse after its founder's death. Jamius did not persue military conquest nearly as much as he persued stability and organization. He established the administrative framework for Liliana, one of the things that made it greater than its neighbours. He also devised the system of provinces and colonies, and instituted the pacification period between conquest and provincehood. Under his reign, Liliana conquered part of Alembida that would give it access to the western seas, and then conquered the Kingdom of Estontalle which bordered its new acquisition. These military efforts were not personally conducted by Jamius, however. Jamius died of an unknown illness. While some have suggested that he was poisoned, this appears unlikely from the evidence.
Jamius's follower was Tomalimus I. Tomalimus was Jamius's cousin, the son of Aratacius I's brother Abius. He inherited due to the fact that Jamius died childless. It is not known who his biological father was. Tomalimus was more concerned with warfare than administration, but realised the need for it, and so appointed good officials to carry it out for him. Tomalimus However, despite his significant victories over Liliana's neighbours, particularly the barbarians to the southeast, the results of his sucesses did not include much territory, and thus he is not remembered as a general as much as others. He died in a minor skirmish with Peganhosa, one of the few casualties, after a lucky shot by a Peganhosan archer.
Savastius was the son of Tomalimus, but by a Gorami slave, not Tomalimus's wife, which made his ascension to the thone somewhat of a clouded issue. Should Tomalimus have had a son by his wife, then that child would have been heir, but Tomalimus was killed leaving only his illegitimate child. Once Savastius was in power, however, he maintained it well, fending off attacks not by force but by law. Savastius is well known for establishing a fair legal code for the Liliani Empire, one which did not depend upon class. Before his reign, the word of a noble would be worth more than that of a commoner, but he changed this so that proof was proof wherever it came from. His reign was cut short when he was assassinated by a Burburreican rebel who somehow entered the palace and found Savastius. The rebel was attempting to gain independence for Burburreica by assassinating the Liliani ruler and hopefully collapsing Liliana into anarchy.
Liliana did not collapse, however, and Savastius's will declared that should he die without heir, his uncle should become emperor. While many have claimed that the will was a forgery, we have no way of being certain. Regardless, the next emperor of Liliana was Aratacius II, Savastius's uncle. He was a reasonable but not exceptional ruler. His reign was not much happier than Savastius' one, however. In 1979 BP, Aratacius II was attacked by five junior officers of his bodyguard, all of whom were part of a growing movement to make the Liliani Senate superior to the Emperor rather than the other way around, and they believed that the only way to do this was to remove the Emperor. Aratacius II was beheaded in a corridor of the palace.
With Aratacius II's death, the throne passed to Aratacius III, his thirteen-year-old son. Aratacius II's family had been away from the palace at that time, holidaying in the coastal town of Marintorus. The assassins moved quickly, and arrived at the house in Marintorus only a few hours after Aratacius III learned of his father's death. The assassins entered the house pretending to be messengers with news about the political situation, but once in the presence of the new Emperor, attacked. Aratacius III, his mother, and his younger sister were all killed, but Icapivus, the second son of Aratacius II, managed to break free. He was technically Emperor Icapivus I for the three minutes it took the assassins to find him and kill him.
However, the death of the imperial family did not end the Empire, as the assassins had hoped. Instead, the aristocracy of Liliana unanimously backed the proclamation of a young noble named Marcus as Emperor, realizing that they would need to act quickly in order to prevent the republicans from capitalizing on the situation. Marcus was claimed to be an illegitimate child by Aratacius II with a Peganhosan princess, Juliana, during the reign of Tomalimus. This was before Aratacius II's brother Savastius had become Emperor, and long before Savastius had passed the crown to him. It was Juliana that championed Marcus's ascension to the throne. In actuality, it is quite likely that Marcus was no relation of Aratacius II, and that Juliana never even met the Emperor. It is also believed that some nobles knew this, but chose not to discuss it in the interests of the monarchy and their own positions. Regardless, Marcus became Emperor, and was acclaimed by the people, who for the most part were horrified at the brutality shown by the republican assassins. Even the Senate gave Marcus its backing. When he became Emperor, however, he did not use the name Marcus, but chose to call himself Jamius II. Jamius II was inexperienced and young, and so an advisor was entrusted with the day-to-day running of the Empire. That advisor was his mother, Juliana of Peganhosa. It is believed by modern historians that Juliana was actually in complete control of the Empire during that time, and was Empress in all but name. Jamius II's reign ended when he was murdered by the commander of the Liliani armies, Tocapedrius. Juliana fled to Peganhosa and then Piolhosa, and Tocapedrius assumed the throne, ending the Lavascas dynasty.
A scratched yet intact image of Juliana made after her flight to Piolhosa
A family tree of important people in the Lavascus dynasty. Red lines show descent, blue lines show transfer of emperorship. Names in grey were never emperors, but were either important for relationship or political reasons.
JANADUS (JANADOS) DYNASTY
1977 BP - 1890 BP
Tocapedrius I (Toka Pedra I) 1977 BP - 1970 BP Founder of the Janadus dynasty.
Killed by his son Cecamones.
Cecamones (Kechamon) 1969 BP - 1958 BP Abdicated in favour of his brother. Axutus I (Xuta I) 1957 BP - 1940 BP Tomalimus II (To Malah II) 1983 BP - 1981 BP Assassinated by a junior general. Tentius (Tenta) 1980 BP - 1915 BP Died of a mysterious illness. Ganus (Gan) 1915 BP - 1908 BP Died of illness. Trinius (Treine) 1907 BP - 1890 BP Poisoned by a noble.
The first Emperor of the Janadus dynasty was Tocapedrius I, or Toka, the general who seized power from and then killed Jamius II. Despite his seizure of power in the way that he did, he is not remembered as being particularly tyrannical, or at least, no more than the usual Liliani Emperor. In his first year of power, he launched a Liliani invasion of what was left of Peganhosa, in the north. The reasons for this are disputed, but it was probably for some reason other than simple conquest. One possible reason was that he needed some sort of a distraction for the Empire to give people something to think about other than the abrupt change of power. Another is that Jamius II's mother, Juliana, had fled to Peganhosa, which was her homeland, and could have been inciting the people of Liliana to revolt, and could have provided a focal point for any resistance against Tocapedrius. If the latter, it only succeeded in part, as Juliana managed to escape to the Kingdom of Valar, in Piolhosa, which was outside of Liliani dominion. Tocapedrius I reigned for seven years, before he was murdered by his son Cecamones. There appears to have been no reason for this murder aside from simple desire for power.
Not all that much is known about the reign of Cecamones. He ruled Liliana for eleven years, years which appeared to contain few notable events. There was no significant territorial expansion, except for the formal annexation of a region of Gregurdica/Goramia which Liliani forces had held for some time. The end of Cecamones's reign is somewhat unusual. According to the sources we have, Cecamones abdicated in favour of his brother, Axutus. This is strange because we know that Cecamones hated his brother, and that the two had tried to have each other killed several times. The obvious speculation is that he was forced into abdication, without making it obvious, but the picture we get from ancient writers suggests that the entire thing was honest, good-natured, and undecieving. Many modern historians have commented that its description is so at odds with standard Liliani practice that it must be false.
Nevertheless, his brother ascended the throne and became Axutus I. His reign was relatively harsh, compared to his predecessors. In 1951 BP, he launched an invasion of Alembida, probably Liliana's most powerful neighbour and at a similar technological level. While Liliana's strength of numbers and resources eventually overcame the Alembidan resistance, the losses were heavy, worse than anything Liliana had suffered before This caused large-scale disturbances in Liliana and its capital, which weakened governmental authority for a time. These disturbances had settled down, however, by the time Axutus had been succeeded by the next Emperor.
Tomalimus II's reign was a short one, breaking the trend of stability established by the Janadus dynasty. He was assassinated by one of his junior generals over a personal dispute, the details of which are unknown. It is believed, however, that it involved attempts by Tomalimus II to seduce the general's wife.
The next Emperor was Tentius. Tentius is known as one of the most represssive Emperors, and he was greatly disliked by the populance. His reign was one of summary executions and sometimes even massacres. He also instituted a period of persecution of minority peoples within majority Liliani areas, and outlawed all other religions. Despite his tyranny, however, he was an efficient administrator, albeit a rutheless one. Unlike some of the other tyrants, Tentius realized that in order to maintain his strength, he needed to govern his empire with a cold efficiency that brought about the Lendian word "tentiano", used to describe one who is so obsessed with efficiency and precision that they ignore basic human needs and feelings. Tentius died in 1951 BP in unusual circumstances. While it could not be proven that anything had been done to him, his sudden decline from perfect health to illness resulting in death was considered suspicious by all the Liliani nobles.
Tentius was succeeded by Ganus, his son. Tentius and Ganus were political enemies, with Ganus having rejected his father's methods. It is believed that Tentius had attempted to have Ganus killed several times, but could not act publicly; the outcry would have been too great. Tentius probably would have continued his attempts on his son's life, but this was prohibited by his sudden death. Therefore, Genus inherited. Genus was an average Emperor, fixing many of the wrongs commited by Tentius but not really reforming the Liliani political scene as many had hoped. He lead a fairly uneventful life, with the frontiers of Liliana remaining stable and no major military exploits being embarked upon. He died in 1908 BP of an illness, and his death is not considered suspicious.
The next Emperor was Trinius, sometimes called Trinius the Wise. The son of Ganus, he inherited the Liliani throne after his father's death. He immediately set about a reorganization of the Empire's government, making it more fair and transparent. He introduced new laws aimed at protecting the lower classes from injustice from the nobles, and instituted many of Liliana's most civilized features, such as schools of literature, languages, and medicine, and established Liliana's postal service. He was also a patron of the arts, and it was during his reign and under his sponsorship that the great author and poet Averilius wrote his great works. Besides being a highly cultured person, he was a skilled politician, able to dodge the increasingly strong attacks from the wealthy classes, who were worried about their declining power. He did not, however, manage to survive a poisoning that occurred shortly after he announced that the Senate would take over the important policy decisions of Liliana, leaving the Emperor with only the task of carrying out the Senate's wishes. This, combined with the fact that Trinius had made the Senate genuinely honest, as opposed to the corrupt system that was in place before, and appeared to be preparing to make it an elected body, abolishing the system of nomination by the noble classes, caused his downfall. Comesias, a prominent member of the Senate, who had achieved that station because of his birth, and who knew that he would never retain his position if the Senate were made democratic rather than oligarchic, set about Trinius' destruction. It is unknown how Comesias achieved the poisoning, and some debate that it was even him. At the time, nothing could be conclusively proven. Nevertheless, Trinius fell ill and died. Comesias, stepping in "for the good of Liliana", became the first Emperor of the Garanones dynasty.
Statue of Emperor Trinius
GARANONES (GARANHÕES) DYNASTY
1889 BP - 1782 BP
Comesias (Comezias) 1889 BP - 1878 BP Founder of the Garanhones dynasty. Jamius III (Jame III) 1877 BP - 1868 BP Died of an accident. Bonasano (Bonzão) 1867 BP - 1860 BP Died of a heart attack. Papesius (Papazias) 1859 BP - 1840 BP Died of illness. Axupanus I (Xupa I) 1831 BP - 1820 BP Poisoned by Heliogabasmus, his regent. Axupanus II (Xupa II) 1819 BP - 1818 BP Poisoned by Heliogabasmus, his regent. Heliogabasmus (Heliogabasmo) 1817 BP - 1809 BP Originally regent for Axupanus I and II. Jamius IV (Jame IV) 1808 BP - 1799 BP Died in an accident. Fundilanus (Fud Ilhão) 1798 BP - 1782 BP Died naturally, and without child.
Folowing the poisoning of Trinius, the nobleman who killed him, Comesias, assumed the throne with the full backing of the aristocracy. Many of Trinius's more domecratic reforms were revoked, and the balance of power swung back to the nobility. Nevertheless, many of the other reforms made by Trinius, such as those in the areas of arts and science, were retained. Comesias's rule began with the quiet elimination of the strongest advocates of democracy, who had been promoted under Trinius, and he maintained a strong stance against the republican faction all through his reign. Only a year after his coronation, he launched an invasion of the Kingdom of Uestagagnia, to the south of the Liliani domains. This conquest was not to be completed until the reign of Emperor Bonasano. Also during his rule was the Liliani alliance with Kagere, its neighbour to the west, against Auria, also to the west. Liliana soon defeated Auria, and the region was eventually absorbed into Liliana as a new province. Comesias died a natural death, having been fairly old when he took power.
He was succeeded by his son, Jamius, who became Emperor Jamius III. His reign was uneventful, and he is generally regarded as a moderate ruler. He died when a railing he was leaning on gave way, and his death is not viewed as suspicious.
His successor was Comesias' second son, Bonasano. Bonasano is often called "Bonasano the Ugly" ("Bonzão o Feio" in modern Estontetsan), but seems nonetheless to have been an effective ruler. It was under his rule that the Kingdom of Uestadagnia was finally defeated, although he was not personally involved in the conquest. While he was fairly able, he was also excessively obese, the origin of his unofficial title, and died of a heart attack.
The next Emperor was Papesius, the son of Bonasano.The only event significant of note within his reign was that the region of Auria, conquered by Liliana during the reign of Comesias, became a province. Papesius died of an illness, and was succeeded by his nine-year old son, Axupanus I.
Axupanus I's rule was mostly under a regent. In this case, the regent was his uncle, Heliogabasmus. While Heliogabasmus' regency was originally relatively mild, he eventually became obsessed with the power. This power, however, would disappear when Axupanus I reached the age of twenty. Heliogabasmus delayed as long as possible, and then poisoned Axupanus I.
The throne then passed to Papesius's second son, Antonius. When he was enthroned, however, his name was changed to Axupanus II, in memory of his brother. Heliogabasmus was installed as regent again. While Heliogabasmus's guilt in the death of Axupanus I could not be proven, there were a great many who suspected. As the protests grew louder, Heliogabasmus saw that he would not retain the regency for long, especially given that Axupanus II did not like him. With the backing of several powerful nobles also hungry for power, he poisoned Axupanus II within the year.
Upon Axupanus II's death, a more recent will by Papesius was found that specified that should both his sons die, his "trusted friend" Heliogabasmus, who was already regent, would become Emperor, and would become his adopted son. There was no doubt in anyone's mind that the will was a forgery, but there was nothing that anyone could do about it. Heliogabasmus became Emperor. His reign was highly tyrannical, especially against those who failed to vocally proclaim their acceptance of his succession.
Upon Heliogabasmus's death (of natural causes), his son, Jamius IV, took the throne. His rule was more moderate, but he was not particularly interested in ruling, prefering other pursuits. He is known for his enthusiasm for hunting. This lack of attention many not have been a problem if not for the fact that he would not trust anyone else to administer the Empire for him. Thus, he could not be bothered to administer his empire but would not let anyone else do so either. Due to his neglegence, the Liliani crown was almost bankrupted. Jamius IV died in the pursuit of one his favourite activities. The stories are confused and somewhat unreliable, but it would appear that he was killed when he slipped and fell down an embankment.
His son, Fundilanus, ascended the throne. All in all, he was a good ruler, and repaired the damage done by Jamius IV's reign. He is generally regarded as one of the more kindly rulers, and he had very few enemies. He was the last Emperor of the Garanones dynasty not because he was killed but because he had no children or suitable relatives. He married Lavania, a princess of the royal family of Videc, in Piolhosa, who was similarly popular amongst the Liliani court and populance. However, due to an illness some years before her marriage, Lavinia could not bear children, and so Fundilanus had no heir. Many of his court urged, without disrespect to Lavinia, that he should remarry, to provide an heir, but Fundilanus refused. For this reason, he is known in modern Estontetsan as "o Casto", or "the Chaste". Instead, he chose av sucessor from outside his family, without actually adopting him. He consulted his court regarding his choice, and they accepted his decision, partly because out of respect for the Emperor and partly because he had bothered to consult them when he was not required to. While they were not entirely happy, they were willing to accept his choice. The transfer from this dynasty to the next occured by intent, and not by force or by misfortune.
IMBUS (PIMBAS) DYNASTY
1781 BP - 1587 BP
Cimburerus (Kimbu Reiros) 1781 BP - 1720 BP Founder of the Imbus dynasty.
Formerly a Videcian prince.
Claudius (Claudio) 1719 BP - 1685 BP Imandus I (Imandruel I) 1684 BP - 1660 BP Imandus II (Imandruel II) 1659 BP - 1630 BP Died of illness. Petonius (Pedro) 1629 BP - 1628 BP Killed by a religious assassin. Maximus (Maximo) 1627 BP - 1620 BP Murdered by his advisor. Axupanus III (Xupa III) 1619 BP - 1611 BP Died of undetermined causes. Imandus III (Imandruel III) 1611 BP - 1601 BP Killed by a religious fanatic. Afinius (Afinal) 1600 BP - 1587 BP Died without heir
Fundilanus's choice for his successor was a young man named Cimburerus, the younger brother of his wife Lavinia, and a prince of Videc. While many Lilianis were adverse to a foreign ruler, they were willing to accept a relative of Lavinia, who was highly popular and was regarded as "as close to Liliani as a foreigner could be". The citizens of Videc today are still proud that one of their own was one of the world's most powerful rulers for a time. Fundilanus appears to have chosen wisely, as Cimburerus seems to have been a good ruler, carrying on the tradition of peace and kindness established by the last Emperor. Despite this, however, many contemporary sources have spoken poorly of him, accusing him of all manner of things. Above all, he was criticized for being a foreigner, even if his nation had been settled by colonists from the kingdoms which made up the Liliani heartland. However, there are enough unbiased sources around for us to see that he was probably not as bad as many claim, and even the hostile sources admit that he was vastly popular with the public (although most of them point to this as proof of how lowly-born he must have been to appeal to the lower classes). It was during his reign that Liliana began its conquest of neighbouring Kagere. The reasons for this are disputed, and interpretations often vary depending upon how Cimburerus is viewed; some say it was to remove the menace of Kageri raids upon Liliani commerce, while some say it was simply desire for power and glory. Also within his reign was the granting of province status to Portum Mare, territory conquered earlier but only then pacified enough to become a province. Cimburerus became Emperor while relatively young (another point against him, according to the critics), and lived to a good old age, ruling for sixty-one years, the longest reign of any Liliani emperor.
A statue of Cimburerus, the only one remaining, from Videc, before his elevation to the throne.
When Cimburerus died, he was succeeded by his son Claudius. Claudius was half Liliani, and thus more acceptable to the Liliani nobles. He ruled much in the style of his father, having been brought up exclusively by him and not by servants. While he was not quite as popular as his father, he was liked well enough not to be assassinated. During his reign, the Liliani conquests in Dascagnia and Uestadagnia were granted the status of province. He also expanded the southern territories, conquering Faeniccia Minor. He died in 1685 BP, at the age of 75, having ruled for 34 years.
Next in the imperial line was Imandus I, Claudius' son. Little is known about Imandus I, as he was a very private man, rarely appearing in public. Various reasons for this have been proposed, including that he had a disfiguring disease and was ashamed, that he was not actually Claudius's son and people might notice the lack of resemblence, and simply that he might not have liked public attention. The latter is considered the most probable.
When Imandus I died, his son, Imandus II, ascended the throne. We know more about him than we do his father, although not as much as about some Emperors. He seems to have been a learned man, interested in scholarly persuits and the sciences, and he spent much time promoting learning and knowledge. He founded several academies for medicine and astronomy, and established a large library in the Liliani capital. He also commissioned the great work De Praeterio, a lengthly history of Liliana and its expansion, and an invaluable source to modern historians. However, he had always had a weak constitution, and was frequently ill. He died of one such illness in 1630 BP, leaving his son Petonius to inherit the Liliani throne.
Petonius's reign was a brief one, especially compared to that of Cimburerus or Claudius. The reason for this was Petonius's religion. Shortly before he became Emperor, Petonius had abandoned the Liliani religion and adopted the faith of a small cult known as the Delatans, orgininating in the far north of Longerath and now extinct. When he became Emperor, one of his first acts was to ban worship of the old gods and declare Delatanism the official religion of Liliana. This was vastly unpopuar, both with the ordinary people and with the aristocracy. Immediately, all of the major temples declared him a heretic, and urged the nobles, the army, and the people to reject the Emperor. The ensuing confusion almost began a civil war, with half the army remaining loyal to the Emperor whatever his policies and half wanting to remove him. Petonius also faced rebellions from his provinces, with the governors in the far north and far south, lead by the Governor of Alembidicum, threatening to turn their forces towards the capital. Petonius was finally assassinated in 1628 BP, when he was killed by an assassin while he was praying to Delata.
He was suceeded by his son, Maximus. Maximus completly failed to live up to his name, being small both in the physical sense and the metaphorical. He took almost no decisions for himself, accepting every suggestion from his advisors. Thus, Maximus's reign was actually conducted by a council of advisors, all of whom were only interested in their own gain. In 1620, however, Maximus finally asserted his authority, and removed all of the advisors from office. The result was that the seniormost advisor murdered him, hoping to sieze power.
This did not occur, however. Maximus's brother, Axupanus, acted quickly, and the advisor was arrested before he could take any further action. Axupanus became Emperor Axupanus III. His reign, however, was not much longer than that of his brother. While he was not necessarily a bad ruler, he was arrogant, and tended to ignore the wishes or views of anyone else. He more than made up for his brother's dependence on advisors by refusing all advice, and often choosing a foolish course of action simply because someone had advised him of the correct one and he did not wish to accept it. The causes of his death are unknown, although it is known that he was severely ill. Some believe it was a natural illness, while some believe that it was poisoning. There is evidence to support a poisoning attempt, but not enough to tell whether it was actually carried out.
Axupanus's son, Imandus III, ascended the throne. In many ways, he was similar to the last Emperor of his name, Imandus II, in that he was a great scholar. He built upon and improved his namesake's works, and strengthened the traditions of science. His downfall was brought about by the temples, as was Petonius's. Imandus III did not believe in some obscure cult, but rather, did not believe in any religion. Claiming that unless it could be scientifically proven that a god existed, it was foolish to worship him, he angered the chief priests. He never banned worship, but he did remove the privilages enjoyed by temples, such as tax exemption and public honours. No government funds could be spent do build or maintain temples. He also declared that other non-Liliani religions should be treated as equal to the Liliani one. He was assassinated in 1601 BP by a religious fanatic.
Imandus III was followed in the imperial succession by his cousin Afinius. Afinius was a moderate emperor, and ruled fairly intelligently. He was always careful not to upset any particular faction by granting favours to another. He managed to survive in this way for thirteen years before he died of an illness. There are some who say he was poisoned, but this has not been confirmed with solid proof. While he had fathered two sons, both had died of illness when they were still young.
Following Afinius's death, his will was found to leave the Liliani throne to an individual named Tironius. Tironius was the head of the Liliani civil servant, and not a noble (some said that his father had been a slave). He was a competent administator, but his lack of noble status made him completly unacceptable to the aristocracy. When Julius, a general in the Liliani army and a friend of Afinius, proclaimed his support of Tironius, another general, Bejecius, immediately declared his opposition. The rest of Liliana was polarised between Tironius's supporters and attackers.
Tironius himself had not known about the will, and was actually not very keen on the Emperorship, considering it far to dangerous. It would, however, have been difficult to tell that to all those that were pledging their lives to him, and so he was caught in indecision. Despite his reluctance to accept the throne, he was assassinated by one of Bejecius's men within a month of the dispute starting.
Rather than collapse, however, the faction that backed Tironius simply shifted its support to Julius himself, claiming that he should become Emperor due both to his willingness to support the rightful candidate and his close friendship to Afinius. Bejecius rejected this too, despite Julius being of noble blood. The army was split evenly between then.
Julius and Bejecius met on the fields outside the city of Lirasium, in the province of Alembidicum. There, Julius was narrowly defeated by Bejecius, and Bejecius returned to the capital in triumph.
BEBERONUS (BEBERRÕES) DYNASTY
1585 BP - 1296 BP
Bejecius I (Bei Jeka I) 1585 BP - 1560 BP Founder of the Beberonus dynasty.
Winner of Liliani Civil War.
Termosius (Termosso) 1559 BP - 1530 BP Probably died of excessive drinking. Augustus I (Auga I) 1529 BP - 1490 BP AVERAGE = 19 YEARS + 20 CICIL WAR Icadabestus (Ica Dabesta) 1489 BP - 1468 BP Assassinated by a junior general. Abramanus (A-Bramão) 1467 BP - 1427 BP Emperor for three days following his father's death.
Was then murdered himself.
Pasacopius (Pass Ocop) 1426 BP - 1377 BP Second child of Aratacius II.
Emperor for three minutes after brother's death.
Constantinius (Constantino) 1376 BP - 1330 BP 11 Augustus II (Auga II) 1329 BP - 1305 BP 11 Gregorius (Gregorio) 1304 BP - 1296 BP AV = 32
With the death of his rival Julius, Bejecius had little difficulty in installing himself as Emperor, beginning the Beberonus dynasty. As happens after many civil wars, the first act of the new ruler was to clear out anyone still alive that supported his opponent. Bejecius did not even pretend to go through the motions of a trial, but simply had them executed, which angered many people. Despite this, he managed to hold onto his seized power, and died a natural death in 1560 BP.
His successor was Termosius, not recognized as his natural son but an adopted one. Termosius is sometimes known as Termosius the Barbaric, not necessarily due to him being cruel or savage but due to his lack of culture. While he liked to think of himself as a noble due to his adoption, he had been born to a peasant family. Quite why he was adopted by the Emperor is unknown, but it is thought by many that Termosius was actually Bejecius's natural son and that Bejecius wished to give him status without actually recognizing his fatherhood. Regardless, Termosius was regarded by the aristocracy of Liliana as barbaric, uncouth, and dim-witted. He was barely literate, and always had a slave read out and documents given to him. He was an extremly heavy drinker, a fact which is thought to have contributed to his early death in 1530 BP.
He was succeeded by his adopted son Augustus I. Augustus I was a moderate ruler, not particularly tyrannical but not particularly liberal either. His reign was moderately uneventful for Liliana.
Upon Augustus I's death, his son Icadabestus took the throne. Like his father, he was a moderate ruler, as far as Liliani Emperors go. His uneventful rule ended with his death by illness in 1468 BP.
Icadabestus was followed by his son, Abramanus. Abramanus is known for being a great plotter, forever busing himself with intrigues and court politics. He was very much an Emperor who prefered political solutions to any problems. He is also the Emperor responsible for bringing the Kingdom of Escorpionica into the Liliani Empire by marrying the heir to the Escorpionican throne. He died in 1427 BP.
Pasacopius, Abramanus's son, was of the private disposition, similar to Imandus I. Like Imandus, he stayed out of public attention as much as possible, and ruled from the shadows. Consequently, we know little about him. We do, however, know a considerable amount about his actions, as he presided over Liliana during one of the large wars it fought with an outside nation. During Pasacopius's reign, relations between the Liliani Empire and the neighbouring Kingdom of Lendosa deteriorated to the point of no return, mainly because of Liliana's usurper king at the time, Margun. Lendosa was the most powerful nation in Longerath and Smalik other than Liliana, and thus was Liliana's greatest rival. Up until the time when Margun siezed control of Lendosa, however, the two states had existed more-or-less peacefully, with trade flourishing in the Sea of Blue Waters. It was during Pascopius's reign that the First Lendian War began, and he was the one who directed the invasion and occupation of the Lendosan territories in the Percevejan peninsula. He did not, however, live to see the war's end, as he was assassinated before Margun was deposed and a treaty signed. The identity of the assassin is not clearly known, but sources indicate an aggrieved citizen of the Lendosan colonies whose father had died fighting the Liliani legions.
Pascopius was succeeded by his son Constantinus. He carried on his father's military campaign in Percevejan, and when Margun was deposed, accepted the treaty that formally seceded the peninsula to the Liliani Empire. In all probibility, he felt that there was no need to press with the war; Lendosa was no longer a threat. However, Constantinus's greatest legacy was not the conquest of Percevejan and the ending of the first unified Lendosan state, but the beginning of Cruisian dominance in Longerath. Cruisianity, which had begun to enter Longerath in the 15th Century BP, had been slowly gaining ground, but it had never been a significant force until the conversion of Constantinus. Constantinus declared Liliana to be a Cruisian nation, and set about replacing the old faith with his new one. However, he did so slowly, remembering what occured when Emperor Petonius attempted to convert the state to the Delatan cult. Nevertheless, there was significant resistance from the aristocracy of the Empire, and to a lesser extent the people. The Cruisian faith was considerably more popular in the lower classes than in the upper, and it is estimated that at least a third of Liliana's population would have been Cruisian at this point. However, in Liliana, it was only a small section of the population that actually counted, and that was the aristocracy, which was against the new religion. Constantinus was constantly battling with his aristocrats, but managed to survive until 1330 BP, when he was assassinated by a young aristocrat supportive of the old religion.
Constantinus's son, Augustus II, was not a Cruisian, a major point of dispute between father and son. When he ascended the throne, he immediately revoked all of Constantinus's Cruisian changes, and initiated a systematic destruction of Cruisian churches and shrines. He made certain never to harm the Cruisians themselves, but ensured that there was no organized worship. This would not have been so great a measure as it would be today, as the Cruisians of the time had been used to worshiping privately, without churches, and churches had only been constructed in the reign of Constantinus. His other act was to launch the Second Lendian War by invading the island of Lendia, which was still weak from the first war. This caused the Kingdom of Lendosa to crumble, and the Lendian defenses were overrun without great difficulty. Augustus II died when the ship he was travelling from Liliana to occupied Lendia in was attacked and sunk by a squadron of Riochan ships (the Rioch islands seceded from Lendia when the unified Lendosan Kingdom collapsed). At the time, it was not known that the Riochans were involved, as there were no survivors, and it was thought that the ship was caught in a storm, the weather having been bad in the Sea of Blue Waters at the time.
The last Emperor of the Beberonus dynasty was Gregorius, the son of Augustus II. Gregorius was a Cruisian, like his grandfather Constantinus. He halted Augustus II's destruction of Cruisian churches, and made it legal to practice Cruisianity publicly again. However, he deliberately took no steps to promote Cruisianity, or to attack the old Liliani religion. Instead, he distanced the imperial throne from religion, and made it a private affair which the government would not interfere with. Gregorius also launched a series of military campaigns in the south of Liliana, expanding Liliani territory to the Dark Sea by conquering the region of Caesarea Beja. He died in 1298 after a long illness. He had no heir.
ARREBIMBUS (ARREBIMBAS) DYNASTY
1295 BP - 1156 BP
Arrebimbus (Arrebimba) 1295 BP - 1290 BP Founder of the Arrebimbus dynasty. Comicolas (Comicholas) 1289 BP - 1262 BP Assassinated due to policy decisions. Bejecius II (Bej Agra II) 1262 BP Assassinated due to his assassination to gain throne. Caiones I (Caio I) 1261 BP - 1240 BP Died of an illness. Caiones II (Caio II) 1239 BP - 1230 BP Poisoned by Aratacius IV. Aratacius IV (Arro-Take IV) 1229 BP - 1203 BP Died in a fire. Rorosus (RoHrozo) 1202 BP - 1173 BP Jamius V (Jame V) 1172 BP - 1156 BP Died in battle in Lendia.
Upon the death of Gregorius, civil war threatened to break out again between the various contestants to the throne. It did not, however, due to the fact that one of the more minor contestants, Arrebimbus, poisoned each and every one of his rivals before things progressed that far, and took the throne for himself. He became the first Emperor of the dynasty named after him. He is known as a tyrannical Emperor, and most ancient sources say that he did the things that he did because he enjoyed them, and not out of any necessity. Due to his tyrrany, he was assassinated by a city merchant who bribed the palace guards and entered his personal rooms.
Arrebimbus had been fairly old when he took the throne, and had several adult sons. The eldest of these was Comicolas, who inherited the imperial title. He is known for the invasion and conquest of Budania, on the continent of Smalik. He was more moderate than his father, except in the area of commerce and economics, where he was a strong supporter of equal distribution of wealth. This made him highly unpopular with the richer classes, and several assassination attempts were made. They finally suceeded in 1262 BP.
Ordinarily, Comicola's son Tullius should have inherited, but Tullius was murdered only hours before Comicola's assassination. This has always led people to suspect that both assassinations were planned and ordered by the one who stood to gain the most from both their deaths, being Arrebimbus's third son, Bejecius (Arrebimbus's second son had already died in a suspicious accident less than a month earlier). Bejecius became the heir to the Liliani throne, and promply claimed it. As a matter of course, he instituted a purge of anyone who remarked upon the unusual coincidences of the assassinations, and of the second son's death not long before. This purge had the opposite effect to the one he intended, however, and people began to criticize him even more harshly. He was assassinated in the same year that he took office, and replaced with Arrebimbus's fourth son, Caiones.
Caiones I was a resonable ruler, and certainly more so than the previous ruler. He was fairly well liked by both the populance and the aristocracy, and worked hard to keep it that way. He survived without being assassinated until 1240 BP, when he died of an illness.
Caiones I was succeeded by Caiones II, his son. Caiones II followed closely in his father's footsteps in terms of policy, making no radical decisions or changes. He lived until 1230 BP, when he was poisoned by his cousin Aratacius IV, who was heir until such a time as Caiones II had a son.
Aratacius IV, despite his daring when he poisoned his cousin and took the throne, turned out to be a fairly quiet ruler, much as the previous two had been. He was also highly private, and so we know little about him. He died when a fire ripped through the wing of the imperial palace containing his chambers. Some have said that the fire was started deliberately, but there is not enough evidence to prove anything one way or another.
Aratacius IV's son Rorosus became the next Emperor. He is known as Rorosus the Fair ("O Belo"), or sometimes Rorosus the Proud. He is known to have been an incredibly vain man, especially as concerned his own appearance. He is also refered to as incompetent, but we do not know the precise nature of this incompetence. When he died in 1173 BP, his son Jamius took the throne.
Jamius V spent most of his time away from the capital fighting wars, a rarity for Emperors of the later half of Liliana's history. His most notable campaigns were in Lendia, against those regions that still held out against Liliani rule. After spending much of his life in Lendia, he finally died in battle in 1156 BP, attacking the Wall of Aroblin in northwestern Lendia. He had no heirs, and so ended the Arrebimbus dynasty, paving the way for the seventh and final line of Emperors.
BEUVUS (BEJUFAS) DYNASTY
1155 BP - 600 BP
Fovinius (Fofinho) 1155 BP - 1102 BP Founder of the Beuvus dynasty. Augustus III (Auga II) 1101 BP - 1074 BP Curias I (Kuri I) 1073 BP - 1029 BP Alembius (Alemb) 1028 BP - 988 BP Augustus IV (Auga IV) 987 BP - 947 BP Established feudal system in some areas. THE REGENCY (946 BP - 802 BP) Savastius II (Safastiu II) 801 BP - 730 BP Assassinated the last regent. Curias II (Kuri II) 729 BP - 663 BP Natestus (Natesta) 662 BP - 600 BP Disolved Liliani Empire.
First Emperor of Estontetso.
The first Emperor of the Beuvus dynasty was Fovinius, often known as Fovinius the Harsh ("O Duro", in Estontetsan), a former general in Jamius V's army. After the death of Jamius V in Lendia, all of the imperial family died mysteriously. At the time, Fovinius was not suspected, as he was not in line for the throne even with the heirs dead, and he was some distance away in Lendia. When he returned to the capital, however, he quickly gained status by discovering the poisoner of the imperial heirs. However, the poisoner was "accidentally" killed when attempting to escape, and so could not protest that he had been employed by Fovinius, who had planned the event even before Jamius V died, planning to poison him personally. As it was, Fovinius was lauded as the one who found the poisoner, and not as the one who ordered the poisoning. The five seniormost advisors of the former Emperor decided to hold a vote by the members of the imperial court for the next Emperor, and Fovinius won easily. It was only after he had consolidated his power that he began to exhibit the characteristics that earned him the name "O Duro". It was under Fovinius that southern Burburreica became a part of the Liliani Empire.
When Fovinius died, he had no children. For that reason, he had previously set up a system by which the imperial line would be passed on not by birth but by appointment by the last Emperor. Fovinius's choice was Augustus III, who became Emperor in 1101 BP. Augustus III was more moderate than Fovinius, but not particularly liberal either. It was during his reign that the Wall of Aroblin, which Jamius V had died attacking, fell, after a Liliani agent infiltrated one of the forts by deception and poisoned its drinking water. Augustus III, however, was not directly involved in this, and never went to Lendia at all.
After Augustus III's death, his appointed successor, Curias I, took the throne. Curias I is generally regarded as one of the dynasty's better monarchs, being fairly fair in his dealings and allowing a considerable amound of freedom to the people. He ruled until 1029 BP, when he died a natural death.
Alembius, Curias I's chosen successor, ruled fairly much like his predecessor. We do not know a great deal about him, but he appears to have been a fairly quiet individual. His reign was one of very little incidence, and lasted until 988 BP.
The next in line was Augustus IV. His rule is regarded by most historians as the beginning of the end for the Liliani Empire, although this does not mean that it was Augustus IV's fault. He faced minor rebellions all over the Empire, which he successfully put down. In 934 BP, he reorganized the administration in parts of the Empire, particularly in the south, abolishing the provinces and establishing a small unit called a Regiocomei (originally a Regio Comei, or a Count's Region), now translated as a County. This was in an attempt to make certain particularly rebellious areas more manageable.
Augustus IV died in 947 BP, and his heir was to be a young noble named Patricius. However, Patricius died of an illness only a few days before Augustus IV. However, Patricius was in the outer regions of the Empire upon his death, and thus news did not reach the capital until the Emperor was too ill to communicate. Thus, the system established by Fovinius was not able to carry on. Rather than appoint a new Emperor, however, it was decided to appoint a regent to rule over the Empire until Augustus IV's own son, Cornelius, came of age. It was decided not to coronate Cornelius until that time, unlike the last time a regent was needed, when Heliogabasmus murdered the Emperor and took the throne himself. However, this regency did not work much better than the previous one. The regent, Cassius, grew power-hungry, and sought to keep his position, as had Heliogabasmus. He ordered Cornelius to be taken away and hidden "for his own safety", claiming that there were plots to murder him. Cornelius was never seen again.
Cassius knew that he could not maintain power indefinitely under the guise of regent, and so formed an alliance with the commander of the armies. By the time Cornelius was due to come of age, Cassius was powerful enough that nobody could press the issue. Cassius officially decreed that Cornelius was not yet fit to hold the position of Emperor, and so the regency would carry on until he was. As Cornelius had been taken away (and very likely killed) years ago, nobody could call Cassius a liar, and if they accused him, he would simply have them killed.
When Cassius died, another followed in the position of regent. This was Lucinius, the son of the army chief who had supported Cassius; such were the terms of the agreement. By this time, it was obvious what was going on. Nevertheless, the Lucinius still claimed that Cornelius was alive but incapable of rule. When it reached the time when Cornelius would be over seventy-five years old, Lucinius declared that Cornelius had died, but that he had a son, Titus, now the rightful heir. However, he claimed, the son was too young, and his regency would continue. Exactly the cycle was repeated again when Lucinius died and was succeeded by his son Galabrius. It was clear to everyone what was going on, but the sheer threat of death prevented anything from being done about it. The regents enjoyed all the privileges of an Emperor except for the title. Some historians even refer to Cassius, Lucinius, and Galabrius as Emperors.
In 802 BP, however, the Regency came to an end. The regent, Galabrius, was assassinated by a young noble called Savastius. Savastius killed Galabrius because Galabrius had ordered his father to be killed, and Savastius hoped either to prevent the execution or at least have revenge for it. Savastius succeeded in killing Galabrius before the execution. The nobles of Liliana were most glad that the regents had been disposed of, as their power had been marginalized during the Regency. With their backing, Savastius claimed that he was the direct descendant of Cornelius, the last rightful heir to the throne, and announced that he had returned for his birthright. While very few people indeed doubted that Cornelius had died in his childhood, Savastius was accepted. There were three reasons for this. Firstly, people were already used to pretending, and so there was little problem in that respect. Secondly, the nobles thought that they would be able to control Savastius, and thus they pushed hard for his claim. Thirdly, the people were greatful to Savastius for ending the Regency, and would not have minded him becoming Emperor even without him pretending to be the rightful heir.
Emperor Savastius II was proclaimed in 801 BP. One of his first actions was to declare all his imaginary parents and grandparents to be retroactively crowned. Therefore, Liliani records show there to be an Emperor Cornelius, an Emperor Titus, and an Emperor Caecilius reigning in the period of the Regency, despite the fact that Titus and Caecilius never existed, having been invented to provide a hereditary link, and Cornelius was never crowned. While we do not recognize these fictitious Emperors today, we still refer to both pre-Regency and post-Regency families as being the Beuvus dynasty. Savastius II had a long reign, living until 730 BP.
Savastius II contrinued the appointment system created by Fovinius as he had no children of his own. He made his choice in his will, not revealing it to anyone while he was still alive. He was succeeded by a young nobleman who became Emperor Curias II. Curias II had a long life, reigning until 663 BP, although he was barely able to rule during the last ten years. His reign was not a peacable one, however. During the Regency, the structure of the Liliani Empire had slowly been disintegrating, with more and more uprisings about the Empire. Under Savastius II, things had calmed somewhat, but had collapsed back further by the middle of Curias II's reign. While Curias II was not incompetent, he did not appear to have the necessary skills to hold Liliana together. In 712 BP, the southern provinces began to rebel, and Curias II was unable to stop them. During his reign, Liliana lost the south, Budania, and Lendia.
Curias II was succeeded by Natestus. Natestus was a fairly able ruler, but was not able to prevent the slow disintigration of his Empire. Liliana gradually shrunk until only a portion of its former territory was remaining. In 600 BP, Natestus declared Liliana a lost cause. He called for a new beginning, and a new nation. He officially disolved the Liliani Empire, and became the first Emperor of Estontetso, which he founded from what remained of the Liliani heartland.