Most modern historians regard the beginning of Emperor Augustus IV, in 987, as the beginning of Liliana's final decline. This is not necessarily to say that it was Augustus IV that caused the disintegration, but that many factors simply came into play during his reign.
A publication of the Alvare Institute
THE DISINTEGRATION OF LILIANA
There had been troubles before Augustus IV, however. Under the reign of Fovinius, first Emperor of the Beuvus dynasty, Liliana began to experience rebellions and insurrections with alarming frequency. These were all supressed, but it became harder and harder for the government to keep its territories under effective control. Sometimes it was the populance that was revolting, and sometimes it was the provincial governors attempting to break away and establish their own personal kingdoms.
Different Emperors responded to these challenges with varying degrees of success. In 934 BP, Augustus IV responded to an uprising that was barely supressed by abolishing certain provinces and creating a new political unit called a Regiocomei ("County"). These were smaller and more numerous that provinces, and thus were easier to govern. They had the added advantage of placing less power in one person's hands; rather than a single governor controling a region, several individual Comes ("Counts") controled the same territory. This helped to combat the problem, but did not prove successful enough.
When the Regency was established, matters deteriorated considerably. Besides the fact that none of the regents were competent enough to cease the tide of rebellions, a lack of strong leadership, and more importantly, the lack of a symbol, meant that many people considered that there was nothing really to fight for.
When the Regency was terminated by Savastius II, a new spark of hope was established. However, this did not last long. Rebellions continued to spring up, particularly in the south and in Lendia. Liliani forces began to loose ground in Lendia, and were no longer able to effectively control the whole of the island. With the garrisons in Lendia not performing any real function and able to be of use elsewhere, Emperor Curias II abandoned the island in 712 BP. Curias probably hoped that Lendia would descend into anarchy, but this was not so. The Lendians took over the governmental structure of the old province intact; most of it had been staffed by Lendians anyway, and it was not difficult to find Lendians capable of taking the place of the Liliani officials now departing. The independent Republic of Lendia began.
Lendia's nationhood was not simply an irritation for Liliana in that there was now yet another nation around with cause to dislike it. The fact that Lendia had established itself as an independent state without difficulty served as an inspiration to other peoples. Furthermore, the fact that Lendia was a republic (the first true republic on Vexillium) gave additional inspiration to the peoples under Liliani rule. It was not simply a case of breaking from Liliana and being ruled by a local king, but rather, ruling themselves.
In the same year that the Republic of Lendia was founded, several Regiocomeis in the former provinces of Dascagnium and Uestadagnium rebelled against Liliani rule. At the same time, peasant revolts took hold of northern Liliana, particularly in the region of Escorpionica. Liliana did not abandon these regions as they did Lendia, however, and mobilized their legions to deal with the problem. This was not enough, however, and after twelve years fighting, was forced to abandon its territories in the south. The exceptions to this were Percevejan and Budania, which remained at least nominally under Liliani control.
In the year 675 BP, twenty-five years after Dascunya and Uestadenia gained their independence and only one year after the various Piolhosan state merged into a single kingdom, the Liliani Empire looked as below. By this time, Budania and Percevejan were independent in all but name, and the northern territories were plagued by rebellions that could not be supressed.
In 613 BP, Budania finally declared its independence from Liliana and established itself as a confederation of city-states, lead by a king chosen from among them. The Kingdom of Budania would survive the fall of Liliana.
Also of note is Phenixia, originally established by colonists from the Liliani Empire sailing down the eastern coast. Phenixia at this time was beginning to emerge as a union of the various coastal colonies, and had just begun its expansion inland. To the south of Phenixia, the Kingdom of Angliyaa had been established by Ingallish colonists, and inland, the Kingdom of Melatiki was at its height.
In 600 BP, Emperor Natestus officially declared the Liliani Empire to be defunct. He reformed the center of the old Liliani Empire as the Estontetsan Empire, and abandoned all Liliani holdings elsewhere. The greatest Empire of Longerath's history had ended.