History of Longerath and Smalik

A publication of the Alvare Institute

LENDOSA AND CABOTENIASA
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      To the west of Liliana could be found the Piolhosans and the Regnosians. Lendia, which eventually became a part of Liliana, will be dealt with only so far as it concerns its neighbour Piolhosa, which was never a Liliani province.
   The inhabitants of Caboteniasa (called Sjomanians in Lendosa) arrived in their present home in about 2500 BP from an unknown location, displacing the native Karoat and Teniasan peoples. Colonization was greatest on the western coast, away from Liliani influences. Gradually, they formed nations. These were small at first, but gradually banded together into three main states: Väring (or Vaering), Cabotenia, and Dahlia. These states were in constant warfare with one another.
   In Piolhosa, the first state to form was Regnos, which controled all of modern Lendosa. This state fell, however, when Piolhosa was colonized by settlers from Micholerdia and Alembida, two nations which would eventually form the core of the Liliani Empire. At first, there were many minor kingdoms, but these were gradually absorbed by the two most important states: Rejmungo and Videc. By 1600 BP, all of the island except for Regnos and the small kingdom of Caeruleus was a part of either Rejmungo or Videc. (More information on the colonization of Piolhosa can be found in section 2:6 - Liliani Colonization of the West).
   Not very long afterwards, Piolhosa was united by treaty. In 1578 BP, thew Second Treaty of Solaris and a political marriage unified the two island states of Piolhosa and Lendia to form the Kingdom of Lendosa. This was not genuinely an equal partnership, however. Lendia was both richer and more populous than Piolhosa, and so tended to get its way. The Kingdom of Lendosa is sometimes referred to as the First Lendian Empire for this reason, although its official name was still the Kingdom of Lendosa.
   United in a single state, the Lendosans began to turn their attentions outwards. The first Lendosan expansion came with the colonization of the Percejevjan peninsula, on continental Longerath. Then, starting in 1433 BP, Lendosa launched an invasion of modern Caboteniasa, conquering the Kingdoms of Cabotenia and Dahlia and turning them into the province of Merequia (believed to come from the name Mosqa, which has been applied to the Tenia peninsula). There were various reasons for this invasion. For the most part, of course, it was desire for territory and wealth. Other factors, however, included the increcing frequency of raids and piracy by the Caboteniasan kingdoms, the fact that the Lendosans considered the Sjomanian peoples to be less civilized, and the fact that relations between the Caboteniasan states and the old Piolhosan kingdoms had never been very good in the first place. There was also the growing presence of the Liliani Empire on the Longerathian mainland, something that worried the Lendosans and may have caused them to strengthen their position as much as possible. It was a prevalent opinion in Lendosa that Liliana would not attack their nation if it made it clear that it could defend itself, and wage a good war.
   Lendosan colonists also established colonies further along the Smalik coastline, occupying areas formerly controled by Bowdanian peoples. This area was named Bodania, a name later adopted by the Lilianis.
   In the year 1425 BP, the Western Isles and northern Smalik would appear as below.

   The Lendosan invasion of Caboteniasa continued after 1425, and Väring was conquered. The only regions still under native control at the end of the century were remote mounainous regions that the Lendosans could not be bothered with. Lendosan colonization in Budania also increased, linking the territories together to form a continuous Lendosan territory all the way from the northernmost peninsula to the islands of Lombriga.

   In 1399, war broke out between the Kingdom of Lendosa and the Liliani Empire. The first act of Liliana was to launch a large-scale invasion of the Percevejan peninsula from their neighbouring provinces. The Lendosan colonies fought the Lilianis at every step, and the Lendosans sent every force they could spare, and it was only in 1342 BP that it was fully subjegated, when Lendosa ceded it to Liliana as part of the peace accords. During the war, the Liliani Empire sought to break Lendosa's hold on northern Smalik by launching an expedition into Teniasa, in the center of Lendosa's territories on Smalik. Lendosan forces were already stretched to the limit by the war, and could not spare forces for its colonies. By encouraging rebellion amongst the Caboteniasan people, Liliana succeeded in breaking Lendosan control over modern Caboteniasa. The independent kingdoms of the region were reestablished, free of Lendosan rule. The Lendosan colonies in Budania, however, fared better. Budania had been very sparsely populated when it was colonized, and was majority Lendosan, and so the Lilianis would be fighting all the way, and fighting without local allies. It they had intended to launch a full-scale military conquest of the region, it was cut short by the peace treaty signed with Percevejan's final subjugation.
   In 1329 BP, war broke out again when Liliana launched an invasion of Lendia. This shattered the Lendosan government, and the kingdom fragmented. Central government managed to survive in Piolhosa for a time, but finally collapsed, leaving Piolhosa in anarchy and the former Lendosan colonies in Budania isolated and without direction. In Lendia, the Lilianis made slow but steady progress, conquering the capital in 1297 BP.
   Meanwhile, the former Lendosan colonies in Budania banded together in a confederation of the most prominent colonies, and established what was, for all intents and purposes, an independent state, although they still claimed loyalty to the now defunct Lendosan kingdom. Their independence came to an end when Liliana launched an invasion of Budania, backed by the Caboteniasan kingdoms. The area, once conquered, was divided into two provinces, Budania Superior and Budania Inferior

   In Piolhosa, anarchy continued. In 1022 BP, under the reign of Emperor Alembius, Liliana launched a small invasion of Piolhosa, securing areas of the eastern coast. Some historians believe that this may have been intended as the vanguard of a complete invasion, but that it was forestalled by a rebellion back in Liliana. Liliana maintained hold of its initial territories, however, and named them Piolosia, the Liliani form of Piolhosa. However, Piolosia was never made a province, and remained simply an occupied territory outside of technical Liliani borders. There was little colonization of this area.
   In 745 BP, states began to reform in Piolhosa itself (Regnos had never fallen, but is not considered a Piolhosan state in the sense that it was not of the Piolhosan ethnicity and language, even if it was of the Piolhosan island). The greatest of the kingdoms was Rejmungo, named after the old kingdom established by the original colonists. Gradually, new kingdoms were established all over the island, including Arcost, Katanai, Videc, and Auster. Liliana maintained its holdings.

   Piolhosa remained fractured as such until 676 BP, as the Liliani Empire was beginning to crumble.