History of Longerath and Smalik

A publication of the Alvare Institute


   Following the great wars between the original Kingdom of Lendosa and the Liliani Empire in which the Lendosan union was shattered and parts of it conquered, there was no significant power remaining in the Western Isles. Piolhosa degenerated into warring factions and Lendia became a province of Liliana. Many supposed that the age of Lendosan power in the region was over.
   This was not so. When Liliana was forced by rebellion and overcommitment to withdraw from Lendia, they expected it to collapse into the same sort of anarchy that had been plaguing Piolhosa. It did not. Instead, the Lendians simply took over the Liliani infrastructure and state apparatus, replacing Liliani officials with Lendian ones. Lendia's government continued as if it were still a province, maintaining a stable structure while the transition from foreign rule to self-governance was undertaken in a gradual and well-planned manner.
   In 533 BP, the various Piolhosan nations, which had been amalgamating for some time, reached an agreement known as the Treaty of Rejmungo. This unified the whole island (except for the remnants of Regnos) in the United Piolhosan Republic. Four years later, in 529 BP, the Republic of Lendia and the Republic of Piolhosa were once again reunited by the Third Treaty of Solaris. Shortly afterwards, the remnants of Regnos and the Patricianate of Rioch also signed the treaty.
   The state that resulted from this treaty was known as the Lendosan Confederation. It covered all of Lendia, Smalik, and the nearby islands, as well as the Percevejan peninsula and portions of northern Smalik, which were ethnically Lendosan and under the control of the United Piolhosan Republic at the treaty's signing.
   Quite soon after the establishment of the Confederation, the new government began to take an interest in the interior of Smalik, to the south. Lendosa was not the only state to do so; various Dascunyan expeditions had already been launched into eastern Smalik. This exploration later led to the establishment of Bowestra, a Dascunyan colonial territory along the coastline. The Confederate government chose to launch a large-scale exploration of the continent's interior. The person chosen to lead this exploratory mission was Francisco do Reigorodo, who had already been on several smaller expeditions in the north of Smalik.
   Do Reigorodo was to set out upon three great expeditions to explore Smalik. The first, and also the shortest, was begun from the Lendosan territories in modern Caboteniasa, and moved inland through western Bowdani, finally reaching Pearyt Lake (known to the Lendosans as Lagomirro, or Mirror Lake), where do Reigorodo turned northwards and followed the river leaving the lake, known to the Lendosans as the Rio Cinzento, back towards Lendosan territory. This expedition was somewhat of a setback for do Reigorodo, and almost lost him the command of the second expedition. It was intended to be a brief expedition, only travelling a short distance into Bowdani, intended to ascertain the difficulty of passage. However, when do Reigorodo reached the the point where turning back had been directed, he heard from the native tribes that the sea was not far away. This did not fit with Lendosan knowledge of the continent, taking into account both Dascunyan knowledge about the eastern coast and Caboteniasan knowledge about the western shores. Do Reigorodo assumed that the continent must be somewhat like an inverted letter "U", with a long bay entering from the south. He was also told another story by the locals, one about a great civilization that built cities out of gold. This fantastically wealthy civilization was said to live along the shores of this sea. Do Reigorodo decided to press on to this reported sea and the rich lands around it.
   When he neared the water, however, he found out from native villagers that it was merely a large lake. Furthermore, he discovered no evidence at all of this great civilization; if anything, the people here were less developed than the ones he had heard the story from. By this point, his supplies were beginning to run low, partly due to the fact that the distance to the lake had been underestimated and partly because he had thought to acquire fresh supplies from the great civilization reported to exist. As such, he headed northwards again with all haste, following the lake's shoreline. As he moved north, however, the tribes became more and more hostile, and he lost troops and supplies in various small skirmishes. When he reached the Rio Cinzento, however, the tribes became more friendly, and even offered him food and guides. He continued north until he reached the Lendosan settlements along the Budanian coast.
   His second expedition lasted longer than the first, and was considerably better equiped. It set out from Vaering, in occupied Caboteniasa, in 479 BP, and followed the coast as it moved down into Bowdani. When he reached the area near modern Sky City, Bowdani's capital, do Reigorodo turned inland and crossed the mountains through a pass pointed out to him by native guides. He continued eastwards until he crossed into what is now northwestern Davenport, stopping near the site of the city named after him. It was nearing the time when he would have to turn back once again, and so when he encountered more hostile tribes in the region, he decided not to press on. He turned north, and headed towards Lake Pearyt once again, intending to journey around the eastern shoreline and return to the same place he did last time along the Rio Cinzento. However, as he was nearing the lake, his expedition was struck by disease. This caused him to alter his plans and turn towards Bowestra, the Anglyodascunyan territory in eastern Smalik. In all probability, the Anglyodascunyans would not have recieved him, as they were also looking towards Bowdani with a desire to conquer it. However, communication between Bowestra and Anglyodascunya was poor, and do Reigorodo took care to avoid the attentions of the authorities as much as possible. Bowestra was not overly populated, and Anglyodascunyan control was fairly lax. Do Reigorodo and his company hired private transport to take them back to Lendosan territory.
   Do Reigorodo's third expedition was primarily naval in nature, unlike his previous two. He set out with a squadron of ships from San Lenardia in 475 BP and headed down the western coast of Bowdani. One of his ships was damaged in a storm off the Bovenio (now Bowini) Islands, and so he made a brief landfall to effect repairs. He then continued southwards, making brief landfall in Pomenanda, before he stopped in what is now southern Davenport. Here, he disembarked his expedition and set off inland, sending his ships further along the coast on a brief reconnaissance mission. He had timed his expedition so that he would arrive back at the coast as the ships were returning. When do Reigorodo reached what is now Lake Lucent (Lago de Veneno in Lendian), he met with a local chieftain and ate a meal before continuing on. Within a day, however, do Reigorodo and all those who had been at the mean were dead of poisoning. It is uncertain exactly what poison was used, but it is believed to be an extract of a plant found in the region. Do Reigorodo's second in command, Hernando Dabesto, assumed control of the mission, and turned southwards. Before heading back towards the shore, Dabesto attacked the native village and killed its chieftain. He boarded the ships on schedule and sailed onwards around Smalik. He put into port in Bowestra for a brief time before sailing for Lendosa.
   A map of da Reigorodo's expeditions is below.

   Following do Reigorodo's death on the shores of Lake Lucent, the Lendosan plans for conquest and colonization of Smalik were set back somewhat. It was only in 453 BP that it began to take active steps once more. Led by Francisco do Reigorodo's late lieutenant, Hernando Dabesto, a Lendosan army set off into Bowdani from the Lendosan colony of Porta Cinzenta, located at the mouth of the river do Reigorodo followed on his first expedition. It was accompanied by a band of colonists recruited by the government. Marching along the river, they set up small fortresses along the way, leaving garrisons as they went. When they reached the lake, they followed the coastline until they reached what they called Grande Rocha, the mountain near Pearyt's shores. In the shadow of this mountain, they established the first Lendosan colony in Bowdani proper, also called Grande Rocha.
   Over the course of the next fifty years, Lendosan armies traveled through much of Smalik establishing fortresses and then colonies. In an attempt to improve communications, the Lendosans set about the construction of a number of great roads, one running from Porta Cinzenta down to Grande Rocha and further, one from San Lenardia in Caboteniasa heading south down the coast through the colonies of Névoa do Norte and Névoa do Sul and on to Rio Azul, located near modern Sky City, and a third road running from Rio Azul inland to meet the Grande Rocha road and then move on to the towns of Reigorodo and Chuvosa Planíce.
   While all of Smalik outside of Anglyodascunyan Bowestra was technically claimed by the Lendosan Confederation, and was recognised as such by the rest of the world. However, Lendosan control over Smalik was not complete. In the more remote areas of the continent, there was virtually no Lendosan presence at all, and Lendosan power was very widely spread. Even the areas that were under Lendosan control were dangerous, and the colonies required full garrisoning to keep from being attacked. One Lendosan politician described the colonies as islands in a sea of danger, and the roads with their garrisoned forts as their only lifelines. It was certainly true that few people strayed from the roads without armed escort. Essentially, the Lendosans controled whatever territory they had troops in, but as soon as those troops left, the area reverted back to what it was before. Any Lendosan territories in Smalik required permenent attention, and could not simply be left for a while.
   While Lendosa was a confederation ruled by an elected government, not a monarchy, the territories in Smalik were still referred to as the Lendosan Empire. They were kept separate from the rest of the nation, and were not counted as part of the Confederation as such. Instead, they were non-federated territories merely held by the Confederation, and thus a Lendosan empire. The administration of the Lendosan Empire was based on provinces, similar to the Liliani ones. Occupied Caboteniasa, or Merequia to the Lendosans, was not treated as a province, however. Instead, the Lendosans retained the political divisions that were present when the area was conquered, merely replacing the local government with their own administrator. The rest of Smalik, however, was divided into four provinces. Bodania, taking its name from the Liliani province in the same region, was in the northeast, based around the Rio Cinzento. Its capital was Porta Cinzenta, at the mouth of the Rio Cinzento. In northwestern Bowdani was Nevoia, being named for the mist that do Reigorodo encountered when sailing along the western coast. There was not overly much Lendosan influence in Nevoia away from the shore and the coastal road. Its capital was Névoa do Norte. In the southwest was Terra do Céu, with its capital at Rio Azul. Rio Azul, meaning "blue river", became the largest city in modern Bowdani established by the Lendosans, and was an important seaport. In the southeast of the continent, occupying modern Davenport, southeastern Bowdani, and part of Pomenanda, was the province of Reigorodia, named after the explorer. Its capital, Reigorodo, was also named after him, and still stands as capital of Davenport's Liliotha province. While all of the region was claimed as part of Reigorodia, in truth, there was almost no Lendosan presence south or east of what are now known as the Misty Mountains, although a number of expeditions were dispatched down there. None of the provinces had definite borders, as Lendosan colonies were too far apart to require any definite demarcation of jurisdiction.
   A map of Lendosan Smalik is below. The darker blue areas are those with significant Lendosan control, while lighter areas are those claimed by Lendosa but without any genuine authority in place.

   Lendosa's control over Smalik lasted for 284 years, continuing up until 169 BP, when the Lendosan Confederation itself collapsed. The great Longerathian Wars that were raging between Anglyodascunya and Estontetso were putting a huge strain on the Confederation in many ways. Although the Confederation was officially neutral, there was much internal dissent over its position. The Lendians in particular favoured involvement, but were unable to agree who to support, while Piolhosa favoured continued neutrality. In addition, a flood of refugees from Dascunya, where the wars were being fought, entered Lendosa, straining the economy and creating racial tensions. The final collapse came when Estontetso siezed the Lendosan territory of Percevejan, on the Longerathian continent, and rebellion flared in Caboteniasa. Lendosa remained united for some time in the face of continued Estontetsan agression, but in 169 BP, Lendia and Piolhosa seperated. Soon afterwards, Estontetso encountered renewed threat from Anglyodascunya, and not wishing to fight a two-front war, established peace with Lendia and Piolhosa, but the Confederation was not reformed.
   For a while, the colonies in Smalik remained under the control of Piolhosa, the closer state. Piolhosa attempted to supress Caboteniasan calls for independence, but soon found itself unable to manage the situation. Without established territories in Caboteniasa, it was not possible to maintain any conquests further south, away from civilization, and so the Lendosan colonies in southern Smalik were essentially left on their own. The two Névoas remained under nominal Piolhosan control, supplied by ship, until Caboteniasan naval activity made that unfeasible. The two cities were eventually abandoned. In the south, the independent Republic of Rio Azul was declared, and for a time it looked as if it might even survive and prosper, but the city and its republic were destroyed by a tribal attack after four years' independence. All contact was lost with Chuvosa Planíce, and an Angliyan expedition sent there after the Longerathian Wars had been concluded found no trace of the town. It is assumed that it was destroyed. Reigorodo, on the other hand, survived intact. Although it was constantly under attack from neighbouring tribes, it eventually managed to stabilize its region and expand its population. It now formes the basis of the Liliotha province of Davenport, the heartland of Davenport's Lendosan minority.
   While a unified Lendosan state was, after the Plague, established in the form of the Greater Lendian Empire, and it did manage to regain control of Caboteniasa, Lendosa's ambitions in Bowdani and Davenport were over.