The Longerath and Smalik group in the 5th Century BP was essentially divided into three main empires. Independent nations still survived, such as Phenixia, but they were never significant powers and were often under the sway of one of the larger states.
A publication of the Alvare Institute
In the north, there was the Empire of Estontetso, formed by Natestus, the last Emperor of Liliana. Estontetso had originally consisted of the area referred to as Estontetso today, but had expanded gradually to occupy all of Draconia as well. It had originally included Gorami as well, but it had declared independence and resisted any Estontetsan attempts to reclaim it.
To the south there was the Anglyodascunyan Empire, a merger between the kingdoms of Dascunya and Angliyaa, which together controlled almost all of the southern continent. It was based in the heart of Dascunya, relatively close to the Estontetsan border. Estontetso proper and Dascunya proper were both quite near the edge of their territory, and both quite close to each other.
To the west lay the Lendosan Empire, based in the Western Isles but ruling a territory covering south Liliana, Percevejan, and all of Smalik except for Bowestra. Lendosa, which had only been reunited in 529 BP by the Third Treaty of Solaris after the disastrous war with the now defunct Liliani Empire, and was once again turning its attention outwards. Its first target for expansion had been the interior of Smalik, which it conquered after three initial explorations by Francisco do Reigorodo. Smalik, however, was not overly populated and undeveloped, and the Lendosans quickly turned their attention elsewhere. At the time of the Longerathian Wars, it was rumoured that the Lendosan Confederation was planning to launch an expedition to northern Longerath, and expand its empire into northern Liliana and Escorpionica. Lendosa was also eying the Anglyodascunyan territory of Bowestra. It was a ambition of many within the Lendosan Senate to establish Lendosa as the dominant power in Longerath.
From the time of Anglyodascunya's foundation, relations between it and the neighbouring Estontetsan Empire were tense. Estontetso had never been overly warm towards Dascunya, which lead the most damaging of the rebellions against the Estontetso-based Liliani Empire. When Dascunya amalgamated with Ançalda and Uestadenia, Estontetso was concerned, and when it merged with the large but largely undeveloped Kingdom of Angliyaa to the south, it became openly alarmed.
A map of Longerath and Smalik at the outbreak of war is shown below. The three main empires of the time have their borders marked in and are coloured. The rest of Longerath varied from single states to chaotic tribal systems.
In 427 BP, the already strained peace broke down altogether. Estontetsan armies crossed the border into Anglyodascunya, sweeping aside initial Anglyodascunyan opposition. The Anglyodascunyans regrouped, however, and fierce fighting broke out all along the long frontier. Slowly, however, the Estontetsans advanced, conquering Ançalda, South Divana, and Terrablanca one by one. At the same time, Estontetsan armies moved into Phenixia, conquering the coastal regions parallel to their Dascunyan conquests.
The war raged on. In 392 BP, thirty-seven years after the war began, Estontetsan forces broke through Anglyodascunyan lines and stormed St. Hugues, the capital of Anglyodascunya. The war did not end there, however.
The Angylodascunyan forces regrouped, and continued to fight the Estontetsans. A temporary capital was set up at Rossinia, further back into Anglyodascunyan-held territory. The Anglyodascunyans hoped to recover from the loss of St. Hugues, and push the Estontetsans out of Dascunya, but this was not to be. The Estontetsans, having secured the former capital and its surrounding lands, pushed on, defeating the Anglyodascunyans in several major engagements and conquering the fall-back capital at Rossinia. From there, the Estontetsans marched with little opposition south into Uestadenia and the southern plains.
What was left of the Anglyodascunyan military fell back to Angliyaa proper, and proclaimed a third capital in Lagod. At the same time, they withdrew their forces from the far south, abandoning Solanchatka and Aigador, needing all the forces they could gather. The garrisons in Achenar and Morangal were also severely depleted. When the Achenarians and the Morangese rebelled and declared independence, the Angliyaans were unable to stop them with the forces currently deployed there, and unwilling to spare the troops needed to reinforce their garrisons. Garrisons were also withdrawn from Bowestra, although the territory remained nominally under Lagod's authority for the duration of the fighting.
In 250 BP, the situation looked as shown in the map below.
The Estontetsan forces, having conquered the heart of Anglyodascunya, did not expect any threat from the Angliyaans. Nevertheless, the Angliyaans regrouped superbly, and pressed their campaign forward. In a series of surprise victories, they turned the Estontetsans from attackers to defenders. The Estontetsans, who had been drained from the constant warfare outside of their own lands, began to fall back. Slowly but surely, the invaders fell back. The key turning point in the war was the recapture of Rossinia, after which the Estontetsans had no significant success in the Longerathian Wars.
As Angliyaa's strength grew, it also began to refocus attention to the south. It was now able to spare the forces needed to secure territory, and so launched a smaller version of the reconquest with the aim of regaining its southern territories as well. Morangal was conquered, and northern Achenar was retaken shortly afterwards, causing the collapse of the Achenarian Federation. Angliyaa also reasserted its authority over the colonies of Bowestra, in southern Smalik, which had been independent in all but name.
Also of note was the collapse of the Lendosan Confederation, taking its Empire with it. This was, in many ways, a consequence of the ongoing warfare between Angliyaa and Estontetso, including the enormous numbers of refugees admitted into the country from the fighting. The causes of this breakup are more clearly explained in the section regarding the Lendosan Empire, and is only mentioned because it effectively removed one of the three most powerful states in the region from the scene, ruling out any intervention in the warfare. Many believed that open warfare could have flared up at any time between Lendosa and Estontetso, most likely regarding the Estontetsan annexation of the Percevejan peninsula, a Lendosan territory, by means of treachery and bribary of officials. The collapse of Lendosa eliminated the possibility of Estontetso fighting a two-front war against the most powerful states in the region. Nevertheless, the individual members of the shattered Confederation were enough of a danger to the hard-pressed Estontetsans to warrant a peace treaty signed between Estontetso and each of the independent states.
By 150 BP, southern Longerath looked as below.
With the support of the Dascunyan people, the Angliyaans pressed onwards, eventually recapturing the old Anglyodascunyan capital of St. Hugues. As the Estontetsans were pushed back, they brought more and more troops south from their border territories, causing them to loose control of the north just as Angliyaa had lost the south. The Angliaan advance was brought to a halt on the old border between Estontetso and Dascunya, when all of Dascunya was free of Estontetsan control. In 138 BP, Estontetso suffered a popular revolution, and the Emperor was overthrown. The new government immediately proposed peace.
New borders were established between all the warring parties. The new Estontetsan government permenently renounced all claims to territories south of its borders, and turned its attentions northwards, reconquering its former holdings in Draconia, a campaign completed in 156 BP. Dascunya and Angliyaa, despite having been unified once before, and having fought together against the Estontetsans, chose not to reform the Anglyodascunyan Empire. Dascunya began to rebuild itself, while Angliyaa once again turned its attentions southwards towards the remaining Achenarian stats, Aigador, and Solanchatka. Bowestra, however, refused to declare allegiance to either Dascunya or Angliyaa, and became an independent principality. The territories taken from Phenixia were returned to it.
A few years after the peace, Lendosa was reunited in a state called the Confederation of the Western Isles. This state was based around Lendia and Piolhosa, and did not include the foreign territories of the Lendosan Empire. It also signed the final peace accords.