History of Longerath and Smalik

A publication of the Alvare Institute

INSTABILITY IN
CENTRAL LONGERATH
~

   Following the Plague, the region of Dascunya was one of the earliest to regain any semblance of central control. In 5 AP, Ludmil I was proclaimed King of Dascunya. However, the people were not so happy to enter into an absolutist monarchy once more. The reasons for this can be found partly in the newly-founded democratic movement of the region and partly in general resentment for the lack of care the monarchy showed during the Plague. The fact that the royal line survived the Plague so well while the ordinary people died made the situation for the monarchy worse.
   In a series of spontaneous insurrections, republican forces were established in various parts of Dascunya, primarily in the southern and northern regions and less towards the centre. Only the regions around the capital remained loyal to the crown, sometimes only by threat of force. To further complicate matters, the region of Ançalda, in the northwest, which had always had separatist leanings, declared its independence from Dascunya altogether. The First Dascunyan Civil War had begun.


Loyalties at the beginning of the First Dascunyan Civil War

   Early on in the civil war, the Monarchists gained significant victories, but these were quickly answered with its own victories, pushing the Monarchists back. In the final year of the war, the Republicans laid siege to the royal capital at St. Hugues. In 12 AP, after fighting for seven years, the Monarchists surrendered, and the Republic of Dascunya was proclaimed.Elections were not actually held, however, until 14 AP, due to difficulties in establishing a voting infrastructure.
   Ançalda was also established as an independent republic, and established good relations with newly-democratic Dascunya. In 16 AP, the two nations signed a treaty aimed at reuniting the two countries, but this was revoked in 31 AP.

   To the north, in Estontetso, things began with more stability than in Dascunya. The imperial family regained control over all of Estontetso quite early on, and was quick to halt any republican movements that might have appeared. In 27 AP, the Estontetsan Empire underwent large-scale administrative reforms aimed at fixing imperial rule in place permanently.

   Back in Dascunya, things were beginning to deteriorate once again. In 59 AP, a military coup d'état swept the democrats from power and established a dictatorship by Dascunya's military commander, General Massimiliano Tartini. Pro-democracy advocates were rounded up and shot. Freedom of speach and movement were ended. In 64 AP, Tartini stepped down and installed Edward VI, the heir of the last king, as monarch of Dascunya. The republic was officially abolished, and yet another purge of so-called "enemies of the state" took place.

   To the north, in Estontestso, imperial control was becoming more and more threatened by public discontent. In 95 AP, Estontetso signed a treaty with Dascunya and the various Lendian city-states to limit any Estontetsan expansion in the south or west, freezing Estontetsan borders at a certain point. This was the treaty responsible for all the linear boundries found in central Longerath. Two years later, the Empire of Estontetso was officially dissolved. The people, hoping for democratic reforms, were outraged when the Empire was merely replaced with a Kingdom, under the same royal family, and without any change from the old hierarchy. Protests and marches in support of democracy took place all over the country. Rather than give in, however, the monarchy merely moved to strengthen its hold on power, arresting pro-democracy activists and abolishing free press. This only increased the determination of the democrats to succeed.

   In Dascunya, the monarchy was becoming more and more extreme. In 107 AP, Dascunya declared war on Ançalda, easily conquering the smaller state. Ançalda was annexed to the Kingdom of Dascunya. In 153 AP, the people of Dascunya rose up in revolution against the king. Large portions of the army immediately defected to the revolutionists, leaving the monarchist generals without sufficient forces to fight back. The king was captured and executed, and the Republic was restored 162 AP. In 170 AP, the capital of Dascunya was moved from the old royal capital, St. Hugues, to the newly-constructed parliament buildings in Danheim.
   In 210 AP, Frederik Varx, a communist, was elected president of Dascunya. This polarised the nation between those who loved communism and those who hated it, causing large-scale disturbances within Dascunya. In 218 AP, General Fergus Gerrer began a revolution against Varx and the communists. Among his strongest supporters were Dascunya's two main fascist parties. The rebellion began in the south, but quickly expanded. Much of the army supported Gerrer, as well as the more radical anti-communists, and the Republicans were unable to defeat him. In 221 AP, Danheim was captured, and the Republican resistance collapsed the following year. Gerrer was set up as dictator of a fascist state which endured thirty-nine years until his death.
   In 262, one year after Gerrer's death, democracy was restored to Dascunya, and Ançalda gained the status of autonomous protectorate. Dascunya began to prosper until 297 AP, when Petr Exner, backed by the army, staged a coup d'état.

   To the north, Estontetso remained in an unstable state right up until 297 AP, when the Kingdom of Estontetso completly collapsed. Both Estontetso and Dascunya were in a state of upheaval. In Estontetso, three main political forces emerged; the Partyzane y Demokratisa army, a republican initiative, the Shitnik army, a fascist group from the north, and the Ushitashe army, another fascist group in the south. As the situation deteriorated, three other Vexillian nations launched an intervention in Estontesto. The Commonwealth of Merité established its control over northern Estontetso, Christiania established its authority over Feniz (or Northern Phenixia, as it was called by the Phenixians), and Angliyaa took control of southern Estontetso. Central Estontetso, the heartland of the Partyzane y Demokratisa army, remained independent of foreign control or jurisdiction.

   The Partyzane y Demokratisa army allied itself with the Angliyaans to fight the southern fascists, the Ushitashe army, who were backed by the Meriteans. The northern fascists, the Shitnik army, initially fought against the Meritean occupation, but later switched sides and assisted the Meriteans and the Ushitashe army, hoping to defeat the Partyzane y Demokratisa army and establish a fascist state over all of Estontetso. The Partyzane y Demokratisa army and the Angliyaans, however, were able to defear the Ushitashe army in the south, and established the People's Republic of Estontetso over the independent and Angliyaan regions of the former Estontetsan Kingdom. The Meriteans, however, were firmy entrenched, and could not be driven out. This area was permenently broken from Estontetso, however, and, after the fascists and Meriteans were overthrown, eventually became the state of Draconia.
   In Feniz, however, the matter was not yet resolved. On November 19th of 297 AP, a great crowd of protestors crossed into the area from Phenixia in what became known as the Green March, responding to rumours of mass executions by occupation forces. At one rally, shots were exchanged between Christianian troops and people in the crowd, killing thirty-four people. This provoked an invasion of Feniz by the Phenixian army to restore order. Accusations of guilt were rife, with many claiming that the situation had been engineered by the Phenixians in order to gain territory. Phenixia, however, managed to prove its uninvolvement, and it emerged that the initial rumours of mistreatment had been started by agents of the Meritean secret service, and that the people in the crowd who fired on the Christianian troops were likewise Meritean agents. It later emerged that the entire operation was part of an elaborate plot against the King of Merité by members of the Meritean government.
   In 298 AP, a referendum was held in the area regarding its future. 54% of the population chose to become an autonomous part of Phenixia. A treaty was signed with the new People's Republic of Estontetso to guarantee that outcome, and the border between the two was fixed.
   The same year, a new and permenant constitution was drafted for Estontetso, transforming it into a federal republic.

   Back in Dascunya, Petr Exner's revolution met with success, and he took control of the whole country. Exner wished to establish the dominance of his own ethnic group in Dascunya, the Uhlanians, and the nation was renamed Uhlan. Yet another brutal dictatorship had begun. In 298 AP, however, the state of Uhlan began to collapse, and the Second Dascunyan Civil War began. This war, however, was mercifully shorter than the last, with the Uhlanians surrendering after only a few months. The Revolutionary Republic of Dascunya was proclaimed, later changed to simply the Republic of Dascunya.
   However, instability continued. While the monarchist element of Dascunya had been somewhat silent during recent times, it flared up once again in the form of Ludmil V, the heir to the Dascunyan throne. Dascunya was split once again between Republican and Monarchist elements, with Ançalda once again becoming independent. This time, however, full-scale war was avoided. While the proponents of both ideologies may have wished it, the people of Dascunya themselves were simply not willing to fight another civil war, whatever the cause. Negotiations began, and Dascunya was once again reunited as a federal republic, with Ançalda as an autonomous region.