The Communist Party of Lendosa is the only authorized political party in the Confederation which is dedicated to the ideology of communism. Compared with other communist parties across the world, the Lendosan Communists are ideologically mild, and have abandoned many of the more extremist policies followed by communists elsewhere. Nevertheless, the party still represents the furthest limits of (officially recognised) left-wing politics in Lendosa.
The Communist Party currently holds six seats in the Senate. This is a considerably weaker position than it is used to - before the 304 AP elections, it was the second largest party. The Communists currently fill two of the twenty-five Administrator positions. The party's leader is Miguel Torantrianico, currently the Administrator of Industry. Its deputy leader is Steniro Jozani, who currently acts as Administrator of Works. Other key figures in the party include Iago da Candata and Maria Sanvara. The party's Secretary is Julio Istruio, who served as deputy leader of the party for over thirty years.
Colour and Emblem
The party's official colour is red, a traditional colour of communism both in Lendosa and in many other countries. Its official emblem is the similarly-common hammer and sickle - these represent industry and agriculture,, the two main occupations of the traditional working classes.
The party's name in Lendian is "lo Partido Comunisto", although it can informally be known by a number of other names. One such informal name is "lo Partido Rujo", meaning "the Red Party". Another name is "lo Partido Caletonisto", with "Caletonism" being an alternative Lendosan term for communism (derived from the name of Enrico Caletonez, father of communism in Lendosa).
"The capitalist economic system exists solely for the purpose of exploiting the worker and enriching the ruling class. As such, the system must be dismantled. Only the state control of the economy can ensure that exploitation and greed do not dominate our way of life. Gradually, we will make the world better and more equal."
As one would expect, the Communist Party believes in an economic system which basically conforms to the tradional notions of communism - communal ownership of property, elimination of money, and the concept of "from each according to his ability; to each according to his need." However, it accepts that this goal is a distant one, something that would be achieved very gradually. As such, it does not advocate the implementation of these principles immediately, instead advocating "first step" policies.
- Regulate all industries to minimize exploitation and worker alienation.
- Establish government control over all industries deemed to be of high importance to the country.
- Maintain government control over the provision of basic services such as health, education, water supply, and bring services as yet only partially nationalized (such as electricity) under government control as well.
- Alter employment contract legislation to increase the rights of workers, and strengthen the right of workers to strike.
- Legislate in support of the Guilds (unions).
- Impose tarrifs on international trade in order to protect Lendosan industries, and establish subsidies to support those that are in danger.
- Increase social welfare payments, and widen the criteria under which they may be obtained.
The Communist Party has views on foreign policy which it promotes quite strongly, most of them based around communist ideology.
- Strengthen relations between Lendosa and communist countries.
- Work against countries which are unreasonably hostile to communism.
- Promote a system of international trade which emphasises fair trade rather than free trade.
The Communist Party, besides supporting economic equality, has a number of policies relating to other types of egalitarianism.
- Add socio-economic class to the list of things that people may not discriminate on the grounds of.
- Fight religious bigotry by placing restrictions on organized religious groups, churches, and other potential sources of religious extremism.
- Increase the penalties for breaking regulations about equal employment opportunities in the workforce.
According to the Communist Party, a harsh stance is needed against crime, although it believes that the government should put equal resources into fighting the cause of crime (which it sees as class inequality).
- Reintroduce the death penalty for serious offences and increase the minimum prison sentences for others.
- Try to reduce the crime rate by providing assistance to those in financial need, thus reducing the chance of those people resorting to crime.
- Establish youth programmes to discourage crime in Lendosa's younger citizens, teaching them skills that will allow them to earn a living without needing to steal.
Issues Facing the Party
The Communist Party is, due to its position as the furthest "left" of the parties in Lendosa, often without much influence, despite being the second largest party. A centrist party such as Balance is able to work with parties from both the centre-left and the centre-right, while the Communist Party can hope for support only from the Socialists and Ecotopians. Because the Communist Party is at the far end of the spectrum, it rarely gains positions of power - as an example, the Communist Party suppliies only two of the twenty-five Administrators, despite being the second largest party, while more moderate parties such as Reform and the Socialists gain more due to being more widely acceptable.
There are also policy disputes within the party iteslf, resulting in numerous subparties (see below). Communist thought in Lendosa is somewhat fractured, but the regulations governing political parties dictate that there can be only one far-left organization, meaning that there are quite a number of different schools of thought crammed into the Communist Party. Most of the party follow what is unofficially referred to as Ducatism, named (against his wishes) after the previous party leader. It is a fairly moderate branch of communism, something which upsets the more radical branches of the organization.
Due to the numerous diverse views found in the world of Lendosan left-wing politics, there are more subparties in the Communist Party than in any other party. Tension between these subparties is usually high - the Ducatist and Galborist subparties are particularly well-known for their feuds.
A subparty based around the doctrines and philosophies of Garamono Ducato, regarded as the Communist Party's greatest leader. Ducatism is a very moderate form of communism, although not to the point where it could be called social democracy. It renounces violent revolution, instead speaking of a gradual revolution of much the same sort as the industrial revolution - according to Ducatists, communism can only ever be obtained gradually, and violent or sudden moves succeed only in creating an "artificial" communism that can never last.
A subparty based around the doctrines and philosophies of Tasso Galboro, a communist theorist who was one of the strongest critics of Ducatism. Galboro stopped short of advocating violent revolution, but did believe that communism needed to be pushed as hard as possible in order for there to be any progress at all. Many Galborists do not consider Ducatists to be "real" communists at all, and are strongly resentful of the Ducatist Subparty's present dominance.
A subparty based around a melding of communist and environmentalist thought. The eco-communists believe that the capitalist classes must be opposed not only because they "oppress and exploit the poor" but because they "also oppress and exploit the natural environment". This view sometimes puts them at odds with the mainstream party, which believes in industrial development to create employment and improve the living standards of workers.
A subparty which believes that complete equality can only be achieved with the complete destruction of the state. They envisage a communist utopia in which people share resources without the need for central planning or oversight. They therefore oppose the Communist Party's policy of strong central government.
A subparty based on the doctrines and philosophies of Majo Timoneo, a supporter of totalitarianism. Timonists believe that equality can only be achieved by giving absolute power to the state, which they say is the only possible agent to enforce equality. They support the Communist Party's belief in strong government, but see it as insufficient - they wish the state to be all-encompassing, with no distinction between the state and society. This contrasts with the current plan, which sees the state occupying a mere coordinating role.
A subparty based on the doctrines and philosophies of Nuvaro Audanto, a so-called "traditionalist-communist". Audantists are strongly left wing, but see their policies as conservative, not revolutionary. They believe that communism is merely an extention of traditional Lendosan values, among which they name hard work, strong community ties, and cooperation. They claim that it is the right-wing, promoting "individualism, materialism, and the destruction of the country's social fabric" who are the real revolutionaries. Economically, they promote orthodox communism, but their social policies have more in common with those of the conservative right - family values, strong community bonds, and other such ideals. They claim that the state should be central not only to the economy but to social values, and say that mainstream communists are negligent to focus only on the economic aspects of collectivism. There was beiefly an attempt to found a conservative communist party (probably to be called the Resolve Party), but the attempt eventually collapsed. Some members of this faction still wish to make another attempt. Unlike many other communist factions, it is possible that an Audantist group would be distinct enough from the Communist Party to gain official registration.
History of the Party
The Communist Party is one of the older parties currently existing in Lendosa, having been founded by Paulo Caletonez in 214 AP. It was based on the doctrines of Enrico Caletonez, his father. Originally, the Communist Party was illegal, and its members kept hidden, but as the organization grew, the Imperial authorities began to turn their attention to it. The Panopticate, which served as the Empire's secret police, constantly searched for its leaders, and arrested Paulo Caletonez in 230 AP.
The group then collapsed into a leadership dispute, with many different opinions as to what policies the party should pursue. In 217 AP, a communist revolution had occured in Solelhada, and communist thinkers were making themselves known in other parts of the world, and the influx of ideas created dissent as to what specific policies the party should adopt. The party elected a series of innefectual and generally unpopular leaders until 248 AP, when a young man by the name of Garamono Ducato won the position with substantial backing. Ducato's doctrines were considered acceptable to most major wings of the party, and were heavily based on Enrico Caletonez's original theories.
Ducato was hard pressed to retain his position after he struck a deal with the Imperial government in 253 AP. In this arrangement, the Communist Party would be legalized on the condition that it abandoned the idea of political (rather than social) revolution. This was highly unpopular among the party's members, but Ducato managed to convince the majority of them to accept it. As such, Ducato is considered to be the man most responsible for converting communism in Lendosa from a violent revolutionary movement to an academic political one.
Ducato and the Communist Party were also heavily involved in the events which brought down the Empire and re-established democracy. By allying the Communist Party with Prospero da Sava's Democracy Party, a substantial power was formed, with the Democracy Party gaining support from academics and businesspeople and the Communist Party gaining support from workers and farmers. The strength of the Communist Party and the popularity of Ducato himself were proven by the massive demonstrations orchestrated by the party against the Imperial government.
After Emperor Xavier surrendered power and the Empire fell, the Communist Party remained in association with the Democracy Party, but after Prospero da Sava was assassinated and the Democracy Party collapsed, the Communists decided not to pursue alliance with any of the groups that emerged from the remnants. Led by Ducato, the Communists became the second-largest group within the new Senate, with only the Balance Party (formed out of the core of the old Democracy Party) ahead of them.
Ducato remained leader of the Communist Party, and was one of the most respected politicians in the Senate. His death in 303 AP left the Communists with a major problem, both in terms of lost popularity and the inability to agree on a new leader. Eventually, Miguel Torantrianico acquired the leadership, but with powers greatly reduced from those held by Ducato.
List of Past Leaders
- Paulo Caletonez (214 - 230)
- Beloso Gabrono (230 - 234)
- Sanro Baco (234 - 236)
- Carigo Burono (236 - 239)
- Ebantro Velsarico (239 - 243)
- Coso Lamando (243 - 244)
- Carganto Idavabavo (244 - 248)
- Garamono Ducato (248 - 303)
- Miguel Torantrianico (303 - )